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Right side abdominal pain: causes and remedies

Right side abdominal pain can result from a variety of medical conditions, the reasons for which vary widely. Most of the time, pain in the right lower abdomen is temporary and not a cause for concern, resolving on its own within a day or two. However, if the discomfort persists or worsens, it is critical to consult a medical professional. An experienced physician will be able to accurately assess the symptoms, conduct appropriate diagnostic investigations, and make an accurate diagnosis to ensure appropriate treatment. Health is a priority, so do not hesitate to seek medical attention when needed.

Why does the right side hurt during training?

Right hip pain during training is a common discomfort among athletes, especially runners, cyclists, and soccer players. This discomfort can cause discomfort and slow down sports performance. But why does the right hip hurt during training? Here are some explanations based on information provided in texts.

The precise reason for this kind of pain is not yet completely clear, however it is speculated that it may be related to a temporary increase in blood flow to the liver and spleen during exercise. This increase could cause a temporary slight enlargement of these organs, known as hepato-splenomegaly, hence the pain.

Another major cause of this pain may be muscle weakness. When the muscles and ligaments that support the liver and gallbladder are not sufficiently trained, spasms may occur during strenuous physical activity. These spasms tend to decrease when the pace is reduced and when the abdominal and back muscles are strengthened.

Another possible cause is an improper diet. Consuming a large amount of fats and carbohydrates before training can put a lot of stress on the liver as it requires a lot of effort to handle the demand for glycogen during intense and prolonged exercise.

Prevention of this annoying right flank pain during exercise can be achieved through a few strategies. First, it is important to breathe correctly during exercise, using diaphragmatic breathing to avoid shortness of breath and allow the liver ligaments to relax.

Performing muscle strengthening exercises, particularly for the abdominals and back, can help prevent these spasms. In addition, a balanced diet with the right amount of carbohydrates and fats is essential, while excessive consumption of tea, coffee, chocolate and nuts should be avoided.

How long does right side pain last?

The duration of right hip pain during exercise can vary depending on the circumstances. This discomfort is often triggered during intense physical activity but tends to diminish or disappear when the pace is reduced. Usually the right hip pain lasts for several minutes but resolves completely in no more than a few hours. When pain occurs, it can be relieved by exhaling with half-closed lips and applying gentle pressure to the liver area. In general, the duration of right hip pain can vary from person to person, but by following the right practices, it can usually be alleviated or eliminated during exercise.

Do not underestimate right side abdominal pain

As a rule, pain in the right lower abdomen is not a cause for concern per se, but it is necessary to react promptly if sudden and intense abdominal pain occurs or if additional symptoms are present. When the question arises as to whether the pain constitutes an emergency, it is essential to be informed about the signs that should not be underestimated.

These signs may indicate more serious problems, including:

Chest tightness could be a red flag for heart problems, while pain in the chest, jaw, neck, or arm is a classic sign of a heart attack. Difficulty breathing and dizziness or feeling faint could also indicate a cardiac emergency.

Difficulty or pain while swallowing is a sign that needs immediate attention; it could be related to problems in the trachea or esophagus. Excessive sweating, fever, blood in vomit or stool, and persistent nausea and vomiting are symptoms that should not be overlooked, as they may be indicative of a variety of serious conditions.

Yellow discoloration of the skin or eyes (jaundice) could be a sign of liver or gallbladder problems. Noticeable tightness in the abdomen upon touch and abnormal swelling of the abdomen may indicate a possible surgical emergency or a serious gastrointestinal problem.

Dark or tar-like stools may suggest bleeding in the digestive tract, while a constant loss of appetite and unusual weight loss could be signs of an underlying problem that requires thorough investigation.

What are the main causes of right side abdominal pain?

  • Indigestion: Indigestion is a series of digestive symptoms, including abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and regurgitation, that usually occur after eating or drinking. Most mild cases can be treated at home, but if symptoms persist for more than two weeks, it is advisable to consult a physician to rule out underlying problems.
  • Intestinal gas: Intestinal gas is caused by the accumulation of air and gas in the digestive tract, often due to incomplete digestion. It can cause abdominal pain, bloating and a "knotted" feeling in the stomach. Release of gas through burping or flatulence usually provides relief.
  • Appendicitis: Appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed, causing sudden, sharp pain in the right lower abdomen. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, fever and bowel problems. Treatment may require surgery.
  • Kidney infection: A kidney infection, often caused by bacteria from the urinary tract, can cause pain in the lower abdomen, but usually occurs in the back or sides. Other symptoms include fever, chills and urinary problems.
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones, hard accumulations of minerals and salts in the kidneys, can cause sharp pain in the lower abdomen, back, or hips as they move through the urinary tract. Other signs include pain during urination and bloody urine.
  • Hernia: A hernia occurs when a body part pushes through the tissue or muscle that holds it in place. It can cause pain or discomfort in the affected area, swelling and worsening with activities such as lifting. In some cases, a hernia may require emergency treatment.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition that affects the digestive system, causing abdominal pain, changes in bowel movements, bloating, and a feeling of incomplete evacuation. Its precise cause is unknown but appears to be related to the interaction between the gut and the brain.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): IBS should not be confused with inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. These conditions cause inflammation in the digestive system and can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation and other serious symptoms.

Right side pain in women

There are several all-female conditions that can cause pain in the right flank or lower abdomen. These conditions, ranging from menstrual cramps to endometriosis, ovarian cysts to extrauterine pregnancies, can result in varied symptoms and require prompt medical attention.

  • Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps): Menstrual cramps are a symptom of the menstrual cycle that can cause pain in the lower abdomen, often felt on one or both sides. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. They occur before or during the menstrual cycle.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): PID is often caused by a bacterial infection, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, and can cause pain in the lower abdomen. Other symptoms include unusual vaginal discharge, fever, nausea or vomiting, pain during intercourse, and burning during urination. It is important to treat PID to prevent complications.
  • Extrauterine Pregnancy: An extrauterine pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus. In addition to abdominal pain, symptoms may include vaginal bleeding, shoulder pain, and pain during urination or evacuation.
  • Ovarian Cysts: Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovary. They often cause no discomfort and can resolve on their own. However, large ovarian cysts, especially if they rupture, can cause severe symptoms such as pain in the lower abdomen, feeling of heaviness, and pain during sex or exercise.
  • Ovarian Torsion: Ovarian torsion occurs when the ovary (and sometimes the fallopian tube) twists, cutting off blood flow to the organ. This condition causes severe lower abdominal pain and may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or fever. Symptoms may vary if the ovary twists and unwinds.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a chronic condition in which endometrial cells grow outside the uterus, causing severe cramping and lower abdominal pain. It can also cause pain during intercourse, urination or evacuation, and heavy menstruation.

Right side abdominal pain in men

Similarly to the female sex, there are several all-male conditions that can cause pain in the right flank or lower abdomen.

  • Testicular Torsion: Testicular torsion occurs when the testicle wraps around the spermatic cord, disrupting blood flow and causing sudden pain and swelling in the scrotum. Other symptoms include unusual redness or darkening of the scrotum, nausea or vomiting, irregular testicular position, and fever.
  • Inguinal Hernia: An inguinal hernia occurs when part of the small intestine or fat leaks out through a weak area of the lower abdomen. It is the most common type of hernia and mainly affects people assigned male at birth. Symptoms include a lump in the groin area, feeling of heaviness, pain or burning, especially during straining, lifting or coughing. It can become dangerous if it gets stuck or strangled, manifesting symptoms such as a sudden increase in pain, fever, or swelling.

For more on this topic, check out the latest scientific research on PubMed

This article was originally written in Italian and translated English via deepl.com. If you notice a major error in the translation you can write to [email protected] to report it. Your contribution will be greatly appreciated

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